Aeronautical engineers have the option to work in the private sector, like development for Boeing or SpaceX, or a specific research and design institute that is contracted for many different projects like the Southwest Research institute or MIT. The US Military is also a large investor in aircraft development. Most of the improvements in air/space craft come from the US military, because of its importance to defense. In all of these fields you will be responsible for designing a solution to a problem. This will involve the use of mathematics to calculate different aspects of your design. This field is heavy in research and practical application of mathematics, fluid dynamics and flight control.
Aerospace Engineers study, design, engineer, or test different flight systems and subsystems of spacecraft, satellites, missiles, or aircraft. Job specializations include aerodynamic fluid flow, structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, robotics, and propulsion/combustion.
Architectural and engineering (A/E) managers plan, direct, and coordinate activities in architectural and engineering companies. They may direct and coordinate building activities at construction sites or activities related to production, operations, quality assurance, testing, or maintenance at manufacturing sites. A/E managers are responsible for developing the overall concept of a new product or for solving the technical problems that prevent the completion of a project.
Architects design new buildings, restore old buildings, and find new uses for existing buildings. When working, most of the time it’s in an office, but sometimes architects visit sites and clients. In addition, architects must create initial ideas, find out what exactly the client wants, know the uses of the building once it's built, and discover the effect of construction on the community around it.
Biomedical engineers work in a wide variety of settings and disciplines. There are opportunities in the industry for innovating, designing, and developing new technologies; in academia furthering research and pushing the frontiers of what is medically possible as well as testing, implementing, and developing new diagnostic tools and medical equipment; and in government for establishing safety standards for medical devices. Many biomedical engineers find employment in cutting-edge start-up companies or as entrepreneurs themselves.
Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry, biology, physics and math to solve problems that involve the production or use of chemicals, fuel, drugs, food and many other products. They also work in a variety of fields. For instance, they may work at a petroleum refinery to turn crude oil into gasoline, jet fuel, diesel fuel, lubricating oil, solvents and petrochemicals; at a fertilizer plant to produce ammonium nitrate, or at a personal-care product manufacturer to mix dozens of ingredients to produce shampoo or skin lotion.
Computer System Engineers are in charge of developing and curating designs to complex applications, system issues, and/or network concerns. They also manage systems and perform integration functions.
The field of electrical and computer engineering sets you up for a career in technology. While a mechanical engineering degree is probably the most versatile of all degrees, allowing for one to generalize in a variety of fields, the electrical and computer engineering degree (or ECE), gives you both a general understanding of computers and electricity, and also allows for you to specialize in a field like nanotechnology or renewable energy.
Electrical engineers research, design, develop, test, and supervise the installation and manufacturing of equipment, components, and systems for various uses like commercial and industrial.
Genetic engineering is the process of using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology to alter the genetic makeup of an organism. Genetic engineers are highly trained experts who use a variety of molecular tools and technologies to rearrange fragments of DNA. Thus, the overall goal in doing so is to add or remove an organism's genetic makeup for the better, or to transfer DNA code from one species into the other.
Industrial Engineers are multidisciplinary professionals who are at the intersection of business and engineering. Their focus is efficiency and they look for ways to improve processes or design things that are more efficient and waste less money, time, raw materials and resources. Industrial engineers make sure your mobile phone fits in your pocket while still having a lot of processing power and also not overheating, or they can make sure it won't burst into flames while your flying on a plane!
A mechanical engineer creates products from ideas that are made from the best manufacturing approaches as well as provide functionality. Combining physics and mathematics, these engineers design, analyze, and manufacture systems/machines.
In the exciting field of mechatronics engineering (also known as robotics), individuals design systems that combine the concepts of mechanical and electrical engineering along with computer science to design and construct “robots” for a variety of applications. Used in factories, various industries, and even people’s homes, robots are becoming an increasingly integral part to our daily lives and the efficiency of businesses around the globe. With the invention of Atlas, Spot, and WildCat by the mechatronics engineers at Boston Dynamics, truly amazing systems have been created in this field and will continue to evolve in the future, making the field one that is currently in a state of rapid growth. Common responsibilities/ skills associated with this role include: Computer Aided Design (CAD), programming (particularly logical programming), electrical engineering/ circuit design, mechanical engineering, project management skills, and ultimately, creativity.
Nanotechnology engineering is the groundbreaking combination of chemistry, quantum physics, and subatomic manipulation, to either create products with favorable properties (through the changing of molecular structures), design systems that operate on a nanoscale, or a combination of both! With this knowledge, nanotechnology engineers develop nanobots for medical usage, reengineer materials to have ideal abilities, design quantum computers, and more. Well-known nanotechnology engineers include Sumio Iijima (for his discovery of carbon nanotubes) and K. Eric Drexler (for the conceptual basis of MNT), along with current business leaders being: Raytheon, Intel, Texas Instruments, and Bell Labs (Nokia). Common responsibilities/ skills for nanotechnology engineers include: having knowledge of molecule design softwares, containing an in-depth understanding of chemistry/ quantum physics, being detail-oriented, having determination, and constantly being investigative as new discoveries arise.
A simplified description of what nuclear engineers do, is they work to harness the energy released from nuclear reactions and apply the nuclear energy to a variety of fields. This includes nuclear power plants, medical diagnostic equipment like MRI machines, food production, submarine propulsion systems, nuclear weapons and radioactive-waste disposal equipments and facilities. Nuclear engineers also design, develop, monitor, and operate nuclear plants to generate power.
Petroleum Engineering is a field of engineering that deals with the exploration, extraction, and production of oil and natural gas. Specialties include: reservoir, drilling, completions, productions.
A quantum engineer is someone who can effectively design, understand, and implement their knowledge into making quantum computing possible. Quantum Engineers can expect to be in a research position because very little is known about quantum physics. That being said it is very important that you must have a deep knowledge in physics, math, and computer engineering topics.
Software Engineering is a branch of Computer Science which deals with the software and the applications of that software. In this type of engineering, you create software and apply it to a user interface for a client. The overall goal of Software Engineering is to create software that has a low cost but is highly efficient.
Software Testers create and implement software tests to debug and resolve issues within software. In addition, they may participate in software design reviews to give input on the requirements, attributes, designs, and schedule of the software's production.
Structural engineering is a specialty within civil engineering. They design and look over the work of other engineering fields and make calculations to review the structural integrity of a project. Some say they are the people who create the bones and muscle of any project.
Telecommunications Engineers design or put together wired, wireless, and satellite communications systems for various services such as voice and data. They also supervise installation, service, and maintenance.