Actuarial science is the discipline that applies mathematical and statistical methods to assess risk in insurance, finance, and other industries and professions. More generally, actuaries apply rigorous mathematics to model matters of uncertainty. Actuaries are professionals trained in this discipline. Employment of actuaries is projected to grow 18 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. Actuaries will be needed to develop, price, and evaluate a variety of insurance products and calculate the costs of new, emerging risks.
Anesthesiologists are involved in the times before surgery, during surgery, and after surgery. Before surgery, typically an anesthesiologist will be involved with preoperative evaluation, collecting patient history, performing physical examinations, and performing lab tests to decide what the best route of anesthesia is. During surgery, they ensure the patient stays well and safe by monitoring and controlling the patient’s vital signs and level of consciousness. After surgery, they monitor the effects of anesthesia, oftentimes directing technicians, nurses ,and other staff to help with pain control. They can also partake in researching, training new physicians, and managing pain outside of surgery.
Astronomy is the study of celestial objects, space, and the physical universe in total. It is a broad study of space and the planets and all the other non earthly bodies and phenomenons. Similar to astrophysics it focuses on the movements and behavior of planets. To summarize modern astronomy looks at the characteristics and movements of these differences masses in space.
Astrophysics is a joint branch of the fields of astronomy and physics that works to combine the laws and observations of both fields into a cohesive understanding of the many different celestial bodies in the universe. More simply put, it uses the laws of physics to help explain what astronomers observe about space and the many different things in it.
Biomedical Informatics is the science of information as applied to or studies in the context of biomedicine. BMI is the interdisciplinary, scientific field the studies and pursues the effective uses of biomedical data, information, and knowledge for scientific inquiry, problem solving and decision making, motivated by efforts to improve human health.
Cardiothoracic or cardiovascular surgeons deal with diseases of the chest. Typically, that's heart disease for patients who are having heart attacks and chest pains, and coronary artery disease for patients who are experiencing abnormalities of the arteries, valves and blood vessels feeding the heart.
The study of matter and its properties, chemists could be designing and maintaining nuclear reactors should they choose nuclear chemistry. They could also work on the pharmaceutical side, attempting to create drugs. Other responsibilities include keeping up with the latest advances in the field, keeping documentation of work, and publishing works.
Not to be confused with medical lab technologists, clinical lab scientists are responsible for analyzing and performing tests on patient samples such as blood, urine, and other bodily fluids. They report their results to physicians to help in the diagnosis process.
Computer Scientists use technology and write computer programs in order to creatively and efficiently solve problems. They sometimes also develop models for human-technology interaction, which involves AI and machine learning. Their overall goal is to create software to solve a problem, or make technology more efficient.
Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that draws on ecology, geology, meteorology, biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics to study environmental problems and human impacts on the environment.
The job of a flavor chemist is to support the manufacturing of foods and beverages by creating and testing various chemicals to create flavorings in order to best suit it to the consumer. They study various flavorings, synthesize chemicals in a lab, and test different flavor combinations. In addition, they mostly work in a laboratory environment and collaborate with other flavor chemists and lab personnel in order to gather data and run many tests in a multitude of chemicals and flavorings.
Fluid Dynamics is the study of gases and liquids and how they behave under the influence of forces. Fluid dynamics provides methods for studying the evolution of stars, ocean currents, weather patterns, plate tectonics and even blood circulation.
Forensic scientists examine and analyze evidence from crime scenes and elsewhere to develop objective findings that can assist in the investigation and prosecution of perpetrators of crime or absolve an innocent person from suspicion. The field of forensic science draws from a number of scientific branches, including physics, chemistry, and biology, with its focus being on the recognition, identification, and evaluation of physical evidence. It has become an essential part of the judicial system, as it utilizes a broad spectrum of sciences to achieve information relevant to criminal and legal evidence. Forensic scientists perform both physical and chemical analyses on physical evidence obtained by crime scene investigators and law enforcement officials at the crime scene.
A general dentist is your primary care dental provider. This dentist diagnoses, treats, and manages your overall oral health care needs, including gum care, root canals, fillings, crowns, veneers, bridges, and preventive education. General dentists also complete exams, x-rays, dental cleanings, and much more.
General Surgery is a subspecialty in invasive medicine that focuses on the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland. It is a main branch of the surgery field in medicine. A general surgeon is trained to diagnosis illness, preform pre-operative care, surgically repair abdominal organs, and perform post-operative care. They walk patients through their diagnosis, operation, and even care for them after the completion of the patients surgery.
Geneticists study genes and the science of heredity (inherited traits passed down through generations). They conduct experiments to determine the origins and governing laws of particular inherited traits, such as medical conditions, and seek out determinants (such as disease resistance) responsible for these traits.
Marine Biologists study organisms and their environment in salt water conditions. They conduct their own research by observing organisms in the wild and using a laboratory. There are lots of options in marine biology, such as hatcheries, microbiology in the ocean, or marine mamals.
Microbiologists undertake laboratory analysis and the monitoring of microbial cultures, samples and new drugs using specialist computer software, and a range of identification methods and clinical trials. Additionally, microbiologists can also focus on developing new pharmaceutical products, vaccines, medicines and compounds such as antiseptics. All of this and more fall under a microbiologist researcher’s belt.
Neurogeneticists are responsible for evaluating and diagnosing neurogenetic disorders, along with researching the biology and evolution of disorders.
Neurologists are licensed medical specialists who diagnose and treat disorders that affect the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles of patients. They examine a patient's mental and physical status, conduct medical tests and scans, and evaluate the results to diagnose and treat the patient.
OBGYNs focus on treating women's reproductive health through obstetrics and gynecology.
A pediatrician is a physician that works with children. They ensure the basic growth and development of the child as they go through the stages of life. They work closely with the parents as well to ensure the diagnosis is completely thorough.
Aerospace Engineers study, design, engineer, or test different flight systems and subsystems of spacecraft, satellites, missiles, or aircraft. Job specializations include aerodynamic fluid flow, structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, robotics, and propulsion/combustion.
A quantum engineer is someone who can effectively design, understand, and implement their knowledge into making quantum computing possible. Quantum Engineers can expect to be in a research position because very little is known about quantum physics. That being said it is very important that you must have a deep knowledge in physics, math, and computer engineering topics.